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Water Transport Profile

Description: 

KEY:  N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a The international water freight operating revenues data was revised in Transportation in America 1998 for all years except 1994 and 1996. Therefore, the international water freight data for years 1994 and 1996 may not be comparable to other years.

b Revenues paid by American travelers to U.S. and foreign flag carriers.

c Does not include vessel operators whose primary area of operation is fishing, towing, passenger transport, ferrying, or crew boat utility service.

d Data is based on NAICS classifications. Data for water transportation in 2002 includes NAICS categories 483100, 483200, 488300. Data for ships, boat building, and repairing is based on the NAICS category 336600.

e Estimate based on established active jobs for licensed and unlicensed personnel aboard oceangoing ships of 1,000 gross-tons and over, privately owned and operated, government-owned ships under bare boat charters, ship managers and General Agency Agreement, supplemented by Military Sealift Command employment totals for ships with Civil Service crews.

f Data is current as of January 1 of the following year with the exception of 1999 data, which is current as of Apr. 1, 1999.  Due to a change in the source's periodicity, the data for 1999 is not comparable to the data from years prior to 1999.

g Freighters data include bulk carriers prior to calendar year 1983.

h  The U.S. Coast Guard changed its methodology for counting the number of recreational boats.  Figures cited represent number of numbered boats, not estimates as previously noted for 1960 and 1970.

i Does not include intra-territorial traffic (traffic between ports in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, which are considered a single unit).

j 1992-2002 data come from the Marine Safety Management Information System.  Data for prior years may not be directly comparable.  Beginning in 2000, numbers may not add to totals because data is now recorded in a new information system known as MISLE, which does not associate every fatality and injury with a specific vessel.  

k Mobile Offshore Drilling Units.

m Beginning in 1996, fish are excluded from Internal and Intraport Tons of freight hauled.

n These are estimated sums of all domestic waterways which include rivers, bays, channels, and the inner route of the Southeast Alaskan Islands, but does not include the Great Lakes or deep ocean traffic. The Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center monitored 12,612 miles as commercially significant inland shallow-draft waterways in 2001. Beginning in 2007, waterways connecting lakes and the St. Lawrence seaway inside the U.S. are included. 

o Data from 2015 onward incudes Ferries.

p Vessel-related casualties include those involving damage to vessels such as collisions or groundings. Fatalities not related to vessel casualties include deaths from falling overboard or from accidents involving onboard equipment. 

Source: 

Finacial

Operating revenues:

1960-96: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Ohio River Division, Huntington District, Ohio River Navigation System Report, 1996, Commerce on the Ohio River and its Tributaries (Fort Belvoir, VA: 1996), page 2.

1997-2001: Ibid., Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center Databases, personal communication, Aug. 3, 2001 and Apr. 21, 2006.

 2009-17: U.S. Census Bureau, Service Annual Survey (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 2 and similar tables in earlier editions, available at https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/sas.html as of Sept. 11, 2019.

Revenues of U.S. commercial fishing fleet-domestic landings:

U.S. Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Services,  Fisheries of the United States (Silver Spring, MD: Annual Issues), p. 11 and similar pages in earlier editions, available at https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/ as of Sept. 10, 2019.

Inventory

Number of domestic inland vessel operators:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, MAR-450, personal communication.

Number of employees, Ship and boat building and Water transportation:

1960-90: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-1994 (Washington, DC: September 1994) and 1988-1996 (Washington, DC: August 1996), SICs 373 and 44.

1994-2017: Ibid., Employment, Hours, and Earnings from the Current Employment Statistics survey, available at http://www.bls.gov as of  Sept. 11, 2019.

Number of employees, Passenger / combo, Cargo and Tankers:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, U.S. Merchant Marine Data Sheet (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

Mileage of commercially navigable channels: 

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, http://www.usace.army.mil/Missions/Civil-Works/Navigation/ as of Mar. 27, 2019.

Number of vessels and Cargo capacity: 

1960-98: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Summary of U.S. Flag Passenger & Cargo Vessels (New Orleans, LA:  Annual issues).

1999-2017: Ibid., Waterborne Transportation Lines of the United States (New Orleans, LA: Annual issues) vol. 1, section 1, table 1 as of Sept. 11, 2018.

Total U. S. flag: 

1960-99: U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, Merchant Fleets of the World (Washington, DC: Annual issues), and unpublished revisions.

2000-17: U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, U.S.-Flag Privately-Owned Merchant Fleet (Washington, DC: Annual issues) available at https://www.marad.dot.gov/resources/data-statistics/ as of Apr. 29, 2019.

Recreational boats:

U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 36 and table 35 in earlier editions, available at http://uscgboating.org/statistics/accident_statistics.php as of  Feb. 4, 2019.

Performance

Ton-miles, Tons of freight hauled and Average haul:

1960-2016: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the United States (New Orleans, LA:  Annual issues), part 5, section 1, tables 1-2, 1-3, and 1-4 available at http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/wcsc/wcsc.htm as of Apr. 29, 2019.

2017: Ibid., The U.S. Waterway System, 2017 Transportation Facts & Information, p 3, available at http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/wcsc/wcsc.htm as of May 17, 2019.

Residual and distillate/diesel fuel oil:

1960-80: American Petroleum Institute, Basic Petroleum Data Book (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), tables 10, 10a, 12, and 12a.

1985-2017: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), available at https://www.eia.gov/petroleum/fueloilkerosene/ as of Apr. 15, 2019.

Gasoline:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table MF-24 and similar tables in earlier editions, available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/hsspubs.cfm as of Apr. 15, 2019.

Safety

Fatalities:

1970-1990: U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, G-MAO-2, personal communication.

1994-2006: Ibid., Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communication, Feb. 13, 2002, July 2, 2003 and August 29, 2007. 

2002-17: U.S Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, Compliance Analysis Division, personal communication, Nov. 20, 2012 and Nov. 12, 2013, Aug. 31, 2015, May 2016, July 2017, Aug. 16, 2018 and May 24, 2019.

Injuries:

1970-1990: U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, G-MAO-2, personal communication.

1994-2006: Ibid., Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communication, Feb. 13, 2002, July 2, 2003 and August 29, 2007. 

2002-15: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Data Administration Division, Marine Casualty and Pollution Data for Researchers (April 6, 2015), available at https://www.dco.uscg.mil/Our-Organization/Assistant-Commandant-for-Preve... as of Jul. 11, 2017.

2016-17: U.S Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, Compliance Analysis Division, personal communication, May 24, 2019.

Fatalities in recreational boats:

U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 20 and table 21 in earlier editions, available at http://uscgboating.org/statistics/accident_statistics.php as of  Apr. 29, 2019.

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Water Transport Profile