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Oil Pipeline Profile

Notes: 

The Interstate Commerce Committee regulated oil pipelines in the 1960s and 1970s.

Description: 

KEY: FERC = Federal Energy Regulatory Commission; N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

a Includes companies whose pipelines carry crude petroleum, petroleum products, and nonpetroleum pipeline liquids.

b Mileages of oil pipeline for years 1960-2000 include regulated and unregulated trunk and gathering crude lines, as well as refined oil trunk lines. Beginning in 2001, data include information for FERC-regulated oil pipeline companies only. For years 2001 and after, total miles of pipeline include both trunk and gathering lines, whereas the individual components, namely, crude and product lines, include the mileages of trunk lines only. Thus, details do not add to the total for this period.

c Incudes Crude Oil and Petroleum Products movement by pipline. 

dInjured persons does not include the 1,851 injuries that required medical treatment, caused by severe flooding near Houston, Texas, reported for October, 1994.

e The reporting criteria changed in 2002 adding small spills down to 5 gallons. The change was instituted on Feb. 7, 2002. For continuity with past trending, the data from post-2/7/2002 accidents used in the statistical summary includes only accidents meeting the reporting criteria: Accidents with gross loss greater than or equal to 50 barrels; those involving any fatality or injury; fire/explosion not intentionally set; Highly Volatile Liquid releases with gross loss of 5 or more barrels; or those involving total costs greater than or equal to $50,000.

Source: 

Financial

Operating revenues, total and nonregulated:

Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America (Washington, DC: 2002), pp. 38 and 39, and similar tables in earlier editions. 

Operating revenues, FERC-regulated:

1960-2001: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America 2002 (Washington, DC: 2002), pp. 38 and 39, and similar tables in earlier editions. 

2002-18: PennWell Corporation, Oil and Gas Journal: Transportation Special Report (Houston, TX), pp. 44 and similar table in earlier editions. 

Inventory

Number of FERC-regulated companies:

1960-96: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, personal communication.  

1999, 2003-05, 2008, 2018: Ibid., available at https://www.ferc.gov/default.asp as of Apr. 23, 2019.

Pipeline operators:  

U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Pipeline Safety Office, Gas Distribution Systems, Gas Transmission & Gathering Systems and Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Systems Annual Reporting, personal communication, Sep. 2009, Jan 2011, Jan 2012, Nov 2013, Sep. 2016, Sep. 19, 2017, Aug. 21, 2018, and Sept. 25, 2019.

Number of employees, pipeline companies:

1960-80: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-94 (Washington, DC:  September 1994), SIC 46.    

1990-94: Ibid., Hours and Earnings, United States, 1988-1996 (Washington, DC: July 1996), SIC 46.

1995-98: Ibid., available at www.bls.gov, SIC 46, as of Apr. 19, 1999.

1999-2001: Ibid., available at http://www.bls.gov/oes/oes_doc.htm, SIC 46, as of Feb. 22, 2010.

2002-17: Ibid, available at http://www.bls.gov/oes/oes_doc.htm, NAICS 486100 and NAICS 486900, as of Apr. 23, 2019.

Miles of pipeline (statute miles), all lines:

1960-2000: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America 2002 (Washington, DC: 2002), pp. 58 and 59, and similar tables in earlier editions.

2001-03: PennWell Corporation, Oil and Gas Journal: Transportation Special Report (Houston, TX), pp. 76 and similar table in earlier editions. 

2004-17: U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Natural Gas Transmission, Gas Distribution, and Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Annual Mileage, available at https://www.phmsa.dot.gov/data-and-statistics/pipeline/annual-report-mil... as of Aug. 7, 2019.

Performance

Intercity ton-miles, total and tons transported: 

1960-70: Ibid., Transportation in America, 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), p. 44 and Transportation in America, Supplement, 1999 (Washington, DC: 1999). 

1980-98: Ibid., Transportation in America, 2002 (Washington, DC: 2002), p. 53, and similar tables in earlier editions.

1999-2007: Association of Oil Pipe Lines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC), tables 1, 2 and 3, available at http://www.aopl.org/publications/ as of Feb. 19, 2010.

Barrels transported: 

U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Movements between PAD Districts, available at https://www.eia.gov/petroleum/data.php as of Aug. 7, 2019.

Average length of haul:

1960-70: Ibid., Transportation In America 1999 (Washington, DC: 1999), p. 71. 

1980-99: Ibid.,Transportation In America 2000 (Washington, DC: 2000), p. 51.

Safety

1970-85: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, personal communication.

1990-2018: U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Pipeline Incident 20 Year Trends, All Reported Incident 20 Year Trend, available at https://www.phmsa.dot.gov/data-and-statistics/pipeline/pipeline-incident... as of Aug. 14, 2019.

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Oil Pipeline Profile