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U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

Average Length of Haul, Domestic Freight and Passenger Modes

(Miles)

Embedded Dataset Excel:

Dataset Excel:

table_01_38_072721.xlsx

Notes:

Average length of haul for freight is calculated by dividing ton-miles by estimates of tonnage from the various data sources. The calculation of average length of haul for passenger trips varies by mode: for air carrier it is calculated by dividing revenue passenger-miles by revenue passenger enplanements; for commuter rail and Amtrak it is calculated by dividing passenger-miles by number of passengers.

Eno Transportation Foundation has discontinued some data series years prior to 1990.

Detail may not add to totals due to rounding.

Description:

KEY: N = data do not exist; NA = not applicable; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Amtrak began operations in 1971.  Data are reported for fiscal years.

Source:

Freight:

Air carrier:

1991-2001: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Freight Summary Data (U.S. Carriers), special tabulation, available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov/rtm91_02.htm as of Aug. 18, 2011.

2002: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, TranStats Database, T-100 Market Data, special tabulation, Mar. 18, 2010.

2003-20: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Cargo Summary Data (All U.S. Carriers), special tabulation, available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov/freight.asp as of Jul. 26, 2021.

Class I rail:

Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), pp. 30, 31, and similar pages in previous editions.

Water:

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the United States, Part 5 (New Orleans, LA: Annual Issues), section 1, table 1-4, available at http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/wcsc/wcsc.htm as of Jul. 27, 2021.

Oil pipeline:

1960-70: Transportation Policy Associates, Washington, DC, personal communication.

Passenger: 

Air carrier:

1960-99: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, T-100 Segment Data (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), p. 3 and similar pages in previous issues.

2000-19: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, TranStats Database, T-100 Market Data and T-100 Segment Data, special tabulation, available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov/Data_Elements.aspx?Data=3 as of Jul. 26, 2021.

Commuter Rail:

1980-95: American Public Transportation Association, Public Transportation Fact Book, Appendix A: Historical Tables (Washington, DC: April 2011), table 3, available at http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Pages/transitstats.aspx as of Aug. 18, 2011.

1996-2001: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, National Transit Database (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 19 and similar tables in earlier editions as of Nov. 2016.

2002-19: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, National Transit Database (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), Annual Database Service, available at https://www.transit.dot.gov/ntd/ntd-data as of Nov. 10, 2020.

Amtrak:

1970-85: Amtrak, personal communication, Jan. 26, 1999.

1990-2002: Amtrak, Amtrak Annual Report (Washington, DC: 2003), Statistical Appendix.

2003-19: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), p. 73 and similar pages in previous editions.

Publications: