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Table 3-2a. U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Attributed to Transportation-Related Final Demand (Current $ billions)

Table 3-2a. U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Attributed to Transportation-Related Final Demand (Current $ billions)

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  1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Personal consumption of transportation                        
Motor vehicles and parts 87.0 175.7 210.3 187.6 206.9 226.2 246.6 R249.3 R256.3 R263.1 R289.2 316.1
Gasoline and oil 86.7 97.2 109.2 103.9 106.6 107.6 109.4 R113.3 R124.2 R126.2 R112.9 123.8
Transport services 64.7 100.0 143.7 145.3 158.1 170.2 186.2 R197.7 R214.2 R234.4 R245.2 255.0
Total 238.4 372.9 463.2 436.8 471.6 504.0 542.2 R560.3 R594.7 R623.7 R647.3 694.9
Gross private domestic investment                       
Transportation structures 3.7 4.3 3.0 3.2 3.7 4.1 4.3 4.4 5.4 6.1 6.8 U
Transportation equipment 48.4 69.7 75.5 79.5 86.2 99.9 118.6 R126.1 R138.9 R150.9 R176.0 197.1
Total 52.1 74.0 78.5 82.7 89.9 104.0 122.9 R130.5 R144.3 R157.0 R182.8 197.1
Exports (+)                       
Civilian aircraft, engines, and parts 14.1 13.5 32.2 36.6 37.7 32.7 31.5 26.1 30.8 41.4 R53.5 53.4
Automotive vehicles, engines, and parts 17.4 24.9 36.5 40.0 47.0 52.5 57.8 61.8 65.0 74.0 R73.2 74.8
Passenger fares 2.6 4.4 15.3 15.9 16.6 16.6 17.1 18.9 20.4 R20.8 R20.0 21.1
Other transportation 11.6 14.7 22.7 23.3 23.7 23.1 24.9 R26.1 R26.1 R27.0 R25.5 27.5
Total 45.7 57.5 106.7 115.8 125.0 124.9 131.3 R132.9 R142.3 R163.2 R172.2 176.8
Imports (-)                       
Civilian aircraft, engines, and parts 3.1 5.3 10.5 11.7 12.6 11.3 11.3 10.7 12.7 16.6 R21.8 23.4
Automotive vehicles, engines, and parts 28.3 64.9 88.5 85.7 91.8 102.4 118.3 123.8 128.9 R139.8 R149.1 180.1
Passenger fares 3.6 6.4 10.5 10.0 10.6 11.3 12.9 14.7 15.8 R18.1 R19.8 21.5
Other transportation 11.8 15.6 25.2 25.2 25.5 25.7 27.3 R27.0 R27.4 R29.0 R30.5 34.2
Total 46.8 92.2 134.7 132.6 140.5 150.7 169.8 R176.2 R184.8 R203.5 R221.2 259.2
Net exports of transportation-related goods and servicesa-1.1 -34.7 -28.0 -16.8 -15.5 -25.8 -38.5 -43.3 -42.5 -40.3 R-49.0 -82.4
Government transportation-related purchases                       
Federal purchasesb, R 7.0 10.0 12.9 14.5 15.3 15.9 17.1 16.3 17.2 17.6 18.2 U
State and local purchasesb, R 48.8 67.5 90.1 93.2 95.6 100.7 106.6 109.8 115.2 124.4 129.1 U
Defense-related purchasesc 4.2 6.2 8.9 15.8 11.3 9.5 8.2 R8.4 R8.8 R8.1 R8.4 9.0
TotalR 60.0 83.7 111.9 123.5 122.2 126.1 131.9 134.5 141.2 150.1 155.7 U
Gross Domestic ProductR2,795.6 4,213.0 5,803.2 5,986.2 6,318.9 6,642.3 7,054.3 7,400.5 7,813.2 8,300.8 8,759.9 9,256.1
Total transportation-related final demandd, R349.4 495.9 625.6 626.2 668.2 708.3 758.5 782.0 837.7 890.5 936.8 U
Total transportation in GDP (%)12.5% 11.8% R10.8% 10.5% R10.6% R10.7% R10.8% R10.6% R10.7% R10.7% R10.7% U

a Sum of exports and imports.
b Federal purchases and state and local purchases are the sum of consumption expenditures and gross investment.
c Defense-related purchases are the sum of transportation of material and travel.
d Sum of total personal consumption of transportation, total gross private domestic investment, net exports of transportation-related goods and services, and total government transportation-related purchases.

KEY: R = revised; U = data are not available.

SOURCES:
Federal, state, and local government transportation-related purchases:
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Internet site http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/dn/annonly.exe,as of Jul. 10, 2000. 1995-98 data also available in Survey of Current Business (Washington, DC: June 2000), table 3.15.
GDP:
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Internet site http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/dn/seltab29.exe,as of May 17, 2000, table 1.1.
All other data:
1980-91: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, personal communication.
1992-94: Ibid. Survey of Current Business (Washington, DC: August 1997), tables 2.2, 3.10, 4.3, 5.6, 5.8 and p.148.
1995-99: Ibid. Survey of Current Business (Washington, DC: April 2000), tables 1.1, 2.2, 3.10, 4.3, and 5.4.

Updated: Saturday, May 20, 2017