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Table 1-50. Value of U.S. Land Exports to and Imports from Canada and Mexico by Mode ($ millions)

Table 1-50. Value of U.S. Land Exports to and Imports from Canada and Mexico by Mode ($ millions)

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  1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Exports           
to Canada           
Truck R89,151.1 97,423.4 102,743.0 111,173.8 114,806.1 123,140.0
Rail R13,593.9 15,271.9 R15,678.7 13,255.6 12,279.6 11,754.6
Pipeline R133.8 R121.3 162.2 180.6 93.4 113.9
Othera R21,753.2 17,010.5 R20,467.5 9,336.1 10,559.5 11,360.0
Mail R69.3 R57.0 R58.3 24.1 6.8 5.6
Total R124,701.3 R129,884.1 R139,109.7 R133,970.2 137,745.4 146,374.1
To Mexico           
Truck R39,066.5 35,914.2 R44,091.8 55,592.6 60,432.1 66,923.8
Rail 4,192.0 4,694.4 5,119.2 5,648.0 6,188.8 5,710.6
Pipeline 0.4 1.0 2.3 68.3 73.4 144.2
Othera 3,238.9 2,025.8 R2,540.1 2,860.5 3,470.0 3,349.6
Mailb R5.5 26.8 -- 0.1 0.1 0.7
Total R46,503.3 R42,662.2 51,753.4 64,169.5 70,164.4 76,129.0
Imports           
from Canada           
Truck R79,456.4 88,964.9 R98,400.8 99,814.8 108,856.7 118,901.4
Rail R30,322.8 39,996.9 R39,811.0 38,293.0 37,374.1 46,255.4
Pipeline R9,728.6 10,606.6 12,796.2 13,879.5 11,120.1 12,055.5
Othera R3,991.6 3,888.2 R4,968.4 3,572.5 4,575.1 6,386.9
Mail R5.5 5.2 R6.9 0.4 1.7 13.1
FTZc U 207.6 223.4 122.4 177.9 111.2
Total 123,504.9 R143,669.4 R156,206.7 155,682.6 162,105.7 183,723.5
From Mexico           
Truck 35,013.9 43,014.3 R48,350.0 56,716.5 65,883.7 76,448.0
Rail 7,769.0 R9137.9 12,297.7 12,646.9 12,029.7 14,693
Pipeline 187.9 R27.4 8.1 3.6 2.4 1.5
Othera 643.5 R768.9 639.2 668.2 917.8 1,255.8
Mail 1.9 R1.3 1.5 0.2 0.2 0.2
FTZc U 1,099.2 2,015.6 2,119.6 2,886.7 2,624.4
Total 43,616.2 R54,049.0 R63,312.1 72,155.0 81,720.3 95,023.4

a Other includes "flyaway aircraft" or aircraft moving under their own power (i.e., aircraft moving from the manufacturer to a customer and not carrying any freight), powerhouse (electricity), vessels moving under their own power, pedestrians carrying freight, and unknown and miscellaneous.
b Beginning in January 1996, new edit checks were added to the processing of the Transborder Surface Freight Data. Because of these checks, the number of mail export shipments from the United States to Mexico declined sharplybetween 1995 and 1996. The Census Bureau found that a number of rail shipments were misidentified as mail shipments in 1994 and 1995, althoughthe exact proportion of these is unknown.
c Foreign Trade Zones (FTZs) were added as a mode of transport for land import  shipments beginning in April 1995. Although FTZs are being treated as a mode of transportation in the Transborder Surface Freight Data, the actual mode for a specific shipment into or out of an FTZ is unknown because U.S. Customs does not collect this information.

KEY: -- = value too small to report; R = revised; U = data are not available.

NOTES: Shipments that neither originate nor terminate in the United States (i.e., in transit, in-bond shipments) are not included here, although they use the U.S. transportation system. These shipments are usually part of Mexico-Canada trade, and simply pass through the United States. Transshipments, however, are included between 1994, 1995, and 1996; these are  shipments that entered or exited the United States by way of a Customs port on the northern  or southern border, but whose origin or destination was a country other than Canada or  Mexico. Starting in 1997, transshipments are excluded. Users should note these differences before comparing figures for 1994-96 with 1997 and subsequent year data. Data exclude export shipments valued at less than $2,500 and import shipments valued at less than $1,250. Individual modal totals may not sum to exact export or import totals due to rounding. 

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Transborder Surface Freight Data, available at www.bts.gov/transborder, 2000.

Updated: Saturday, May 20, 2017